MANADO - The General Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) launched a mapping of the vulnerability of the 2024 Simultaneous Elections and Elections regarding the issue of neutrality among the state civil apparatus (ASN) in Manado, North Sulawesi.
Coordinator of the Prevention, Community Participation and Bawaslu Community Relations Division, Lolly Suhenty, explained that ASN neutrality is one of the most vulnerable issues at the provincial level.
"Based on the results of the vulnerability indexing carried out, it turns out that this is the portrait, the neutrality of ASN is one of the most vulnerable issues at the provincial level," he said as quoted by ANTARA, Thursday, September 21.
The vulnerability of ASN neutrality, said Lolly, has the potential to occur in 22 provinces. The province with the highest vulnerability score in the context of the issue of ASN neutrality is North Maluku with a vulnerability rate of 100.00.
Then, followed by North Sulawesi (55.87), Banten (22.98), South Sulawesi (21.93), East Nusa Tenggara (9.40), East Kalimantan (6.01), West Java (5.48), West Sumatra (4.96), Gorontalo (3.9), and Lampung (3.9).
"This is the position of the province with a high vulnerability. So, in these 10 provinces make sure the prevention efforts are right. The form of prevention in these 10 provinces, for ASN, will certainly be different from other areas whose positions are not high-prone," said Lolly.
Furthermore, he also explained the list of provinces with the highest vulnerability to the issue of ASN neutrality based on district/city aggregation. Lolly explained, the list is based on the situation of massive neutrality issues that occur at the district/city level.
The top ten provinces of vulnerability are based on district/city aggregates. If the highest was based on real events in the province, this one is a high-prone province based on the massive situation in districts/cities," he said.
North Maluku became the highest with a vulnerability rate of 18.85. Following that, North Sulawesi (16.60), South Sulawesi (13.86), West Sulawesi (13.46), Southeast Sulawesi (12.56), Central Sulawesi (10.02), West Nusa Tenggara (7.98), South Papua (6.73), Banten (6.43), and North Kalimantan (5.96).
"This means that North Maluku is not only massive in the provincial capital (ASN neutrality issues), but in districts/cities," said Lolly.
He explained that the most pattern of ASN neutrality occurs in the implementation of Regional Head Elections. Some of the frequent patterns include promoting certain candidates and statements of support openly on social media and other media.
Furthermore, using state facilities to support incumbents; identified support in the form of WhatsApp group; and actively and passively involved in the candidate campaign.
Mapping the issue of ASN neutrality is obtained through three steps in the analysis method. The first is the collection of information to provincial and district/city Bawaslu, related to events that occurred during the 2019 General Election and the 2020 Regional Head Election.
"The data must be verified. It is not verified, we are conducting an in-depth investigation. This information collection process is carried out by a team that has been formed by the Indonesian Bawaslu," he explained.
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Second, weighting the collected data. According to Lolly, the bobotization is carried out in a rigorous analysis mechanism.
"This bombing, all events were then analyzed of what happened, including the amount of the findings, the number of reports, what kind of violations were in what form," he said.
The third method is mapping the vulnerability. At this stage, Bawaslu maps the findings based on provinces and districts/cities.
"So there is a provincial data, some of which have virginity data taken from district/city aggregates," he added.
Regarding this mapping, Bawaslu recommends several strategies, namely streamlining online and offline socialization to all ASN related to neutrality urgency, optimizing cyber surveillance patrols on social media, and strengthening communication and cooperation with multi-party parties.
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