Too Much Sports Lowers Fertility, Really?
Illustration is true that too much exercise lowers fertility (Freepic/Drazen Zigic)

YOGYAKARTA Adding exercise as a routine with the aim of improving health and fertility, the fact is true. However, it is important to understand how appropriate and beneficial the frequency and level of exercise is. Do not let exercise be heavy but actually reduce the level of fertility or reproductive fertility.

One of the factors that reduce fertility is obesity. To get ideal weight, regular exercise can be taken. Regular exercise also reduces stress, which is also a factor that affects fertility.

Research on exercise and fertility, has some inconsistency. Launching VerywellHealth, Tuesday, February 27, several studies found that over-exercise can inhibit fertility. While other studies have found no link between exercise and fertility. Different studies, also found that regular exercise can increase fertility, especially in women who are overweight or obese. Of the three studies, the interconnection between sport and fertility can be complicated.

When considering all the research simultaneously, it is important to measure intensity, duration, and fertility rates. Most evidence suggests that light exercise is beneficial for all of us. It can even increase fertility in some people. Evidence is shown in some types of exercise. Like aerobic exercise, for 7 hours per week it can increase the risk of an ovulation problem but light exercise is more than 1 hour and less than 5 hours is found to increase fertility in all Women. While weight exercise for 4 hours or more, can reduce the success rate of IVF. However, for women who are obese, exercise can increase fertility.

The above picture shows the importance of considering the level of exercise and duration. Research recommends limiting weight exercise to less than 4 hours a week. But for mild exercise, there is no need to be limited. When planning pregnancy, consider gentler but intense exercise. For example routine yoga or leisurely walks.

For moving sports such as cycling, consider speed. Avoid cycling very hard and fast or through hilly lanes, making this sport even more difficult. While aerobic training, choose modified exercises so as not to be too heavy. Weight exercise can also be medium or heavy, depending on the amount of load you lift, the exercise you choose, and the amount of repetition you complete.

In addition to considering the type and level of exercise and duration, it is also important to maintain a healthy diet as an equally important factor. Reduce junkfood consumption but consume more healthy foods such as seeds, healthy fats, fat-free proteins, and lots of vegetables. It's also important to note, losing weight 10 percent increases health and fertility if you are obese.

So do you have too much exercise to reduce fertility? Some theories prove that one of the causes of over-weight exercise can interfere with ovulation in women. The possibility of experiencing a luteal phase defect. Luteal phase is a period of time between ovulation and the expected period. This period of time, also known as a "two-week wait", typically between 12 days and 16 days. Shorter uteal phases due to excessive exercise can interfere with pregnancy skills as it causes levels of progesterons to drop.

Another potential reason for infertility due to exercise is that hormones responsible for regulating the female reproductive system GnRH, LH, FSH, and estradiol are changed in such a way that it interferes with ovulation. Another potential cause of infertility due to exercise is changes in leptin levels, which regulate appetite and metabolism. If your appetite is low, you may not eat enough, so it can interfere with regular ovulation.

Well, through the explanation above, if you like exercising, you don't have to stop completely. It's just that it's important to adjust the intensity, don't let exercise be too heavy to affect your fertility rate.


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